21: Smallholding from Lunge Bjerge


Hans Peter og Dorthea Madsen, som boede i husmandsstedet fra Lunge Bjerge i 1919. Nu er huset i Den Fynske Landsby.


Husmandssted fra Lunge Bjerge, nu i Den Fynske Landsby. Billedet er formentlig taget i forbindelse med museets åbning i 1946.


Husmandssted fra Lunge Bjerge, nu i Den Fynske landsby. Foto: Helge John Jørgensen.

Intro

The Smallholding from Lunge Bjerge (no. 21) represents the part of Funen's population who lived under straitened circumstances. The number of minor smallholdings with a little land rose markedly during the course of the 19th century.

In the first 100 years or so of the Lunge-Bjerge House's history, it was owned by the same family. From 1840 to the 1870s, the household comprised Hans Knudsen and Mine Nielsdatter, their son Knud and a maid servant. In the 1870s, the son took over the house and lived there with his wife and their many children – they had at least six. The children did not, however, all live there at the same time as they left and began working at a young age. In the censuses, Hans Knudsen is sometimes referred to as a “farmer”, sometimes as a “small farmer”, and his son Knud Hansen was similarly mentioned as a “farmer” in 1870, so apparently they did run a farm. This was probably mixed farming with a little arable cultivation, a little peat cutting and a few livestock. Craft production could also have played a role.


Building tradition The smallholding from Lunge Bjerge comprises three timber-framed wings with a thatched roof. The timber framing is slight and not very closely spaced. The roof is thatched with reed and has kragetræer on the ridge. Building history The house was probably built at the beginning of the 19th century, but we know little of the building's history as no fire insurance archives or other documents survive which can shed light on this. On the “Original 1” map from 1811 (the “Original 1” maps are the first Danish cadastral maps), the house is seen marked as a small, single-winged building. On maps from the end of the 19th century, a two-winged building is suggested but it is not known when the building was extended to form the three-winged building that existed in 1844. When the house was dismantled, it was fitted out with a scullery, kitchen with baking oven, three living rooms, bedroom and children's room/nursery. It had electricity, but water had to be drawn from the well. The family who lived in the house from 1936 built a new house on the plot in 1942. The Funen Village bought the old building in 1944 and re-erected it at the museum in 1946. In the present-day building complex, extensions and alterations have been carried out without any historical basis in order to fit out the Lunge-Bjerge House as a cafeteria and toilet building. Previously, the building was The Funen Village's first entrance and ticket office. It stands at the SE end of The Funen Village's mill pond and close to the Village's historical playground.