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Parringsstation for Honningbier
The area south of the connecting road in the wood is known as the fen. It evolved gradually in the water-filled low-lying area at the centre of the island.
The area south of the connecting road in the wood is known as the fen. It evolved gradually in the water-filled low-lying area at the centre of the island. Unsuccessful attempts were made at draining the fen by digging deep trenches. The dominant species of wood are willow (Salix), birch (Betula), and common alder (Alnus glutinosa), and reed grass (Calamagrostis) thrives in the wettest areas.
If you’re lucky, you may see the relatively rare bird, the Eurasian woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) in the fen. Although the Eurasian woodcock is a wader, it is able to manage perfectly well without constant access to open waters and, as implicit in its name, it breeds in the wood. Another treasured bird in the fen is the marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus), which comes to breed here every year.
If you follow the wood track in a northerly direction, you will pass some beehives on your left. The beehives are mating stations for queen bees. Because of its isolated location, Tunø is the perfect spot to mate queen bees thereby ensuring pure genetic offspring – the distance to Samsø is four kilometres, which is too far for the bees to fly. The Tunø bees are known for their quiet disposition and good nectar-collecting abilities. Only Tunø bees may be kept here – other types are prohibited by law.
The fen and the wood were formerly the island’s common land, where the cattle would graze freely in what is now the wood. In the southern part of the fen, peat was dug for fuel. This was common during the wars when fuel was scarce.